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A recent Telegraph investigation (paywall) revealed that senior MPs and peers, including many ministers, have given access to Parliament to spouses involved in lobbying for companies and campaign groups. Karen Bradley, the Northern Ireland Secretary, and Sir Kevin Barron, the chairman of the Commons Standards and Privileges Committee (Telegraph, ‘sleaze watchdog’, are among 900 parliamentarians whose partners hold “spouse passes” entitling them to around-the-clock access to the Palace of Westminster despite their work for organisations that lobby MPs and ministers over policies and funding.
They note that in recent years politics in the UK has been plagued by corruption scandals and public trust in politicians is plunging.
These scandals have exposed serious fault lines in the UK political system, and have raised particular concerns over the following:
- The regime for parliamentary expenses
- Lobbying of politicians by those who can apparently buy access that influences legislation spending priorities or policy decisions;
- The revolving door between government and resources-resources-business;
- Political party funding; and
- Oversight regimes.
They explain that the problem lies when it happens behind closed doors and away from public scrutiny. It can lead politicians in office to steer away from good government. Their decisions can benefit those who fund them. The public interest comes second. Special interests, backed by money, may sway decision-making and undermine democracy.
Opaque lobbying practices backed up by extensive funds at the disposal of interest groups can lead to undue, unfair influence in policies – creating risks for political corruption and undermining public trust in decision-making institutions. We can attribute this factor, in part, to the crisis of confidence in politics we have seen unravel in the UK in recent years, resulting in apathy and low voter turnouts.
TI-UK believes regulation needs to address both those who seek to influence inappropriately and those who are being lobbied:
- Money should not be a distorting factor in forming policy or gaining access to decision makers.
- Lobbying on any particular issue or decision should be visible and have an audit trail.
Such information should be presented in a manner that is accessible and comparable for the public, media and civil society to scrutinise.
The report on UK corruption by TI-UK revealed that the British public perceive political parties to be the most corrupt sector in the UK and parliament to be the third most corrupt. It concludes there is a danger that the public will cease to regard decisions made by government and parliament as legitimate and fair; this represents a serious threat to British democracy and ultimately, to the rule of law.
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Senior civil servants and government ministers move into business – overseen by ACOBA
Andrew Tyler, the British Defence Ministry’s former procurement chief, directed a wide portfolio of projects in the Defence Procurement Agency, including the Queen Elizabeth-class aircraft carriers, Type 45 destroyer, armoured fighting vehicles, artillery and munitions projects, and the F-35 Lightning II aircraft.
He was also responsible for directing the procurement and support of all the Royal Navy’s surface assets, during his five year period at the MoD.
In 2008 he became chief operating officer of Defence Equipment & Support (DE&S), responsible for the procurement and support of all the equipment used by the British Armed Forces and was said to be ‘highly regarded’ despite the poor record of DE&S which minister Philip Hammond said, in 2012, was not giving value for money. This had added “significant additional costs to the defence budget of the order of hundreds of millions of pounds each year”. Privatisation is being considered.
Siemens’ Marine Current Turbines unit appointed Andrew Tyler as acting CEO in 2011 but in 2012 he resigned and has now become the chief executive of Northrop Grumman’s UK and European operations. Northrop Grumman is a large American global aerospace and defence technology company.
The movement of senior civil servants and government ministers into business roles is overseen by the Advisory Committee on Business Appointments (ACOBA).
A Transparency International UK report published in May 2011, called for ACOBA to be replaced by a statutory body with greater powers to regulate the post-public employment of former ministers and crown servants.
Tags: Advisory Committee on Business Appointments (ACOBA), Aerospace and defence technology, Andrew Tyler, Defence Equipment & Support (DE&S), Defence Procurement Agency, Ministry of Defence, Northrop Grumman, Privatisation, Siemens' Marine Current Turbines, Transparency International UK