As the FT’s Simon Kuper recently reported, air pollution is said to contribute to more than 9,000 premature deaths in London each year and its harmful nitrogen dioxide levels are nearly as bad as those in Beijing and New Delhi – and much worse than in other developed cities such as New York or Madrid.
Nitrogen dioxide, which inflames lungs and is linked to shorter life expectancy, has become a major problem. The capital missed binding EU limits on air quality that came into force in 2010, largely due to diesel vehicles — which, it later emerged, emitted higher levels of pollutants in the real world than in tests. Congestion, which has pushed average traffic speed down to 8mph, compounds the problem. Add in the City of London’s narrow streets and tall buildings, and two of the capital’s five hotspots for excessive nitrogen levels lie within it.
The mayor of London is making headway
The impact of the City’s plans will be even greater if they bolster commitments by Sadiq Khan, London’s mayor, to prioritise fighting air pollution throughout the capital and force the government to take action across the country.
- From this year, all new single-decker buses will be zero emission.
- New taxis must be hybrid or electric.
- Next year, an ultra-low emission zone will come into force in central London, expanding outwards in 2021.
The borough of Westminster has proposed turning Oxford Street, the UK’s busiest shopping location, into a zero-emissions zone by 2022 and a parliamentary committee has called for a UK-wide ban on new petrol and diesel cars to be brought forward eight years, to 2032.
The FT reports ‘lessons elsewhere’. Singapore has had an automated electronic road pricing scheme since 1988 and is moving to a satellite-based scheme in 2020 and advocates a move to cycling rates such as those In Amsterdam or Copenhagen.
Take a carrot-and-stick approach? The FT editorial board thinks that governments should both help and oblige people to change their behaviour
It cites Germany’s carrot-and-stick approach. A court ruling this week banned older diesel cars from driving in certain parts of Berlin – after the government had offered car owners generous bonuses for trading in older diesel cars.
The FT believes that The British government has not provided enough fiscal incentives to businesses and individuals who bought diesel vehicles in the mistaken belief that they were greener.
The Centre for London think-tank has proposed offering cash or mobility credits — which can be used to pay for public or shared transport — for scrapping diesel cars, as well as smarter distance-based car charges, and higher vehicle excise duties on the most polluting cars. The FT’s truism:
“Despite efforts to address it in London and other big cities, air pollution will remain dangerously high unless more people change behaviour. The City of London’s bold moves are worthwhile — but need to be happening not in a bubble, but right across the world’s major cities”.
A politician who insisted on holding to his manifesto commitments
India’s Aam Aadmi (Common Man) party is now poised to govern New Delhi, having won 67 of Delhi’s 70 assembly seats, with Mr Modi’s BJP taking three.
Readers new to the subject are reminded that Arvind Kejriwal, leader of the two-year old AAP, resigned from his position of Delhi’s chief minister, at the head of a minority government in 2014, after 49 days. He had argued there was no point trying to run a minority government lacking the numbers needed to push ahead with reforms, such as creation of a special agency to investigate official corruption.
With individual donations, limited financial resources and enthusiastic campaigning
Nearly 67% of Delhi’s residents voted on Saturday, in an unprecedentedly high poll turnout, to give Mr Kejriwal a second chance. He hailed the outcome, tweeting: U r so amazing. U rejected politics of caste n religion”. Amy Kazmin (FT) reports:
“With its strong corporate backing, the BJP spent heavily and visibly in a bid to defeat its rival, taking large and even full-page ads on the front pages of nearly all the capital’s newspapers in the run up to the vote . . .
The AAP, which relies mostly on individual donations and had limited financial resources, relied by contrast on enthusiastic campaigning by Mr Kejriwal and grassroots volunteers”.
Policies favouring ordinary people
The FT’s latest sees the prospect of Mr Kejriwal emerging as a lightning rod for dissent, over policies seen as favouring big business at the expense of ordinary people. The AAP has already criticised the BJP’s government’s recent land acquisition ordinance, which seeks to make it easier for businesses to acquire farmland for infrastructure and industry.
Arvind Kejriwal celebrates: “The people of Delhi have done something amazing. It’s a victory for honesty and truth” .
Will the British people also do something amazing? We hope so.