PCU: As some members of the public have suggested, if the business case for HS2 is so compelling, let business fund its construction and the whole operation.
On August 22nd the following message cited the findings of the government’s Public Accounts Committee investigation into HS1 (below)
It would appear from the experiences of several other countries that HS2, if it is built, will add to the ongoing subsidy required for railways in the UK. High Speed Two (HS2) if built will involve the expenditure of £33bn for its construction (London to Manchester and Leeds) plus several more billion for the trains. Is this sensible for a country as indebted as the UK? There are alternatives to HS2.
World Bank: copious and continuing budget support for the debt
What has been overlooked is that high speed rail involves a subsidy to keep its trains running once the lines have been built. In July 2010 a World Bank report cautioned that governments planning high-speed rail systems: “. . .should also contemplate the near-certainty of copious and continuing budget support for the debt”.
The National Audit Office estimated that the total cost to taxpayers of supporting High Speed 1 (in Kent) could be £10.2 billion over a 60 year period. HS2 is considerably longer than HS1 and will cost several times more to build.
Does it make sense for the Government to commit to not only an initial outlay in the order of £40 bn but an ongoing subsidy to run it? The subsidy could amount to £2 bn per year based on the experience of some European countries.
The Optimised Alternative
51M, a group of 18 councils which are opposed to HS2, advocates significantly cheaper alternatives which can be made available much sooner on a progressive basis. These measures would consist of lengthening existing trains to 12 carriages, changing one first class carriage per train to standard class and relieving a handful of track pinch points. This solution is known as the Optimised Alternative and more details may be found on their website: http://www.51m.co.uk/.
- MPs warn government to learn lessons from HS1 – http://www.itv.com/news/central/2012-07-06/mps-warn-government-to-learn-lessons-from-hs1/
- HS1 Channel link leaves £4.8bn (taxpayer) debt, says MPs – http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-18733308
- The PAC report helpfully opens with its summary, conclusions and recommendations and is followed by the record of the oral and written evidence, including a written submission by Mr Bodman. http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201213/cmselect/cmpubacc/464/464.pdf