Broken Britain 5: Martin Wolf annotated. Plus a lesson from Delhi
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Extracts with bracketed comments = original text here, may be subject to paywall
He continues: “What, first of all, is a populist?” And answers:
- The abiding characteristic of populism is its division of the world into a virtuous (powerless) people on the one hand, and corrupt elites . . . on the other.
- Populists distrust (corrupted) institutions, especially those that constrain the “will of the people”, such as courts, independent media, the bureaucracy and fiscal or monetary rules.
- Populists reject credentialed experts (funded to serve vested interests). They are also suspicious of free markets and free trade (misnomers – so-called free traders erect tariff barriers whenever they can).
- Rightwing populists believe certain ethnicities are “the people” and identify foreigners as the enemy. They are economic nationalists (but keen exporters and speculators) and support traditional (discriminatory & inhumane) social values.
- Populists (left and right) put their trust in charismatic leaders
- Leftwing populists identify workers as “the people” and (only the uncaring) rich as the enemy. They also believe in state ownership of property (if there were ever to be an honestly run state)
Wolf asks why these sets of ideas have become more potent (because central control, corruption and deprivation is increasing alarmingly). He refers to a Harvard study which considers immigration a cultural shift but argues that it can also be reasonably viewed as an economic one (because it’s cheaper to import subservient low-cost labour than to educate one’s own citizens)
What has changed recently?
“These emperors turned out to be naked” (Correct).
He thinks that the results of past political follies have still to unfold:
- The divorce of the UK from the EU remains a process with unfathomable results.
- So, too, is the election of President Trump. The end of US leadership is a potentially devastating event.
- Some of the long-term sources of fragility, cultural and economic, including high inequality and low labour force participation of prime-aged workers in the US, are still with us today.
- The pressures for sustained high immigration continue.
- The fiscal pressures from ageing are also likely to increase.
Wolf’s remedy the economic anxieties can and must be addressed: we must recognise and address the anger that causes populism. He continues: “populism is an enemy of good government (the status quo) and even of democracy (which has yet to be achieved)”.
Aam Aadmi (the Common Man’s Party) originated in the India Against Corruption (‘anti-graft’) movement. It claimed that the common people of India remain unheard and unseen except when it suits the politicians. It stresses self-governance, community building and decentralisation; advocating government directly accountable to the people instead of higher officials. It was formally launched on 26 November 2012 and won 67 of the 70 seats in the Delhi state assembly elections in 2015.
IMHO, as one correspondent often opens, building a stable democracy will require:
- proportional representation in which the votes cast reflect the true support for all participating parties and independent candidates;
- the attraction of parliamentary candidates with a track record of public service, offering only the national average wage, supplemented by basic London accommodation where needed and travel/secretarial expenses.
- and the clear understanding that after election these MPs (and their families) should acquire no shares or non-executive directorships.
And “self-governance, community building and decentralisation; advocating government directly accountable to the people instead of higher officials”.
Posted on June 28, 2017, in Admirable politician, Austerity, Conflict of interest, Corporate political nexus, Cuts, Democracy undermined, Economy, Exports, Government, Immigration, Inequality, Lobbying, Vested interests and tagged Aam-Aadmi, Corruption, deprivation, financial crisis, free trade, populism, President Trump, Public service. Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.